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U-9
 
HANDBOOK
www.burlingtonlax.com
 
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
I. INTRODUCTION
 
II. LACROSSE POSITIONS
 
III. EQUIPMENT
 
IV. HOW TO HOLD THE STICK
 
V. BASIC LACROSSE RULES
 
VI. PERSONAL FOULS
 
VII. BASIC LACROSSE SKILLS
 
VIII. GLOSSARY OF LACROSSE TERMS
 
IX. LACROSSE FIELD
 
X. US LACROSSE CODE OF CONDUCT
 
XI. SUMMARY
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. INTRODUCTION
Lacrosse a.k.a. LAX: Is a game invented by American Indians; now played on a rectangular field by two teams of ten players who use long-handled sticks that have a webbed pouch to catch, carry and throw the ball toward the opponents' goal.     
The sport of lacrosse is a combination of basketball, soccer and hockey. The plays are similar to basketball, the skill/physical level is similar to hockey, and the endurance demanded on the body is similar to soccer. This sport is the fastest on two feet and is a true team sport. Anyone can play Lacrosse - the big or the small. The game requires and rewards coordination and agility, not brawn. Quickness and speed are two highly prized qualities in lacrosse. An exhilarating sport, lacrosse is fast-paced and full of action. Long sprints up and down the field with abrupt starts and stops, precision passes and dodges are routine. Lacrosse is played with a stick (the crosse) which must be mastered by the player in order to scoop, throw, and catch the ball.
 
There are 4 levels of youth lacrosse offered in Burlington.
 
Ø      U09 – Non contact for 1 & 2 grade
Ø      U11 – Non contact games for 3 & 4 grade
Ø      U13 – Full contact games for 5 & 6 grade
Ø      U15 – Full contact games for 7 & 8 grade
 
 
Burlington is part of the Mass Bay Youth Lacrosse League (Northwest region). Web site: www.mbyll.org
 
MBYLL Philosophy:
There are no standings kept, no league championship or playoffs. We play all players as equally as possible with the goal of teaching the sport and providing a fun experience for all involved. We police ourselves in the effort to provide an outlet for kids that has not been swept up in the pressure filled, win-at-all-cost mania that is too present in today's youth sports.
 
 
 
II. LACROSSE POSITIONS: 
 
There are 4 positions and 10 players per team on the field but at the U9 level, the number of players per team on the field will be less. There will be a goalie.
 
 
 
III. EQUIPMENT
Gloves, stick (a.k.a. the crosse), lacrosse helmet - NOCSAE approved, shoulder pads, arm pads and a mouthpiece are mandatory. Cleats, rib pads and a protective cup are recommended. Game jersey will be provided by BYLA; all other equipment is the responsibility of the player. U9 players can use hockey protective equipment with the exception of the helmet as it needs to be NOCSAE approved. 
The length of the crosse at the U9 level is what ever length the player is comfortable with. The stick must also have an end cap. Most sticks come with end caps but they sometimes fall off so the caps should be taped to prevent it from falling off. Sick length should be between 37" and 42".
 
IV. HOW TO HOLD THE STICK: “Your Lacrosse stick should become part of your body!”
Throwing/Shooting
To become proficient in passing and shooting, the player must be able to propel the ball from the stick with the wrist "snap." Many beginning players pass and shoot with an arm motion, or "push" the ball, which causes the ball to leave the stick on a low trajectory resulting in a low pass or shot.
Wearing Lacrosse gloves, hold the stick in one hand (which ever is most comfortable, usually the arm that is used for throwing a ball) at its balance point and then place the head of the stick in the "box" area which is up above the shoulder near the ear. Then with one hand, "snap" the wrist which will cause the ball to come out of the stick in a straight line and bounce off the wall straight back into the stick, hopefully. If you can’t find a wall, use a friend/parent, they may have to use a baseball glove if they don’t have a Lacrosse stick.
Next, hold the stick with your top hand approximately half way down the shaft of the stick, same as step 1 and your opposite hand should cover the end cap. Snap the top wrist while bringing the bottom hand towards your dominant armpit. This will help to keep your stick in a vertical position. Passing is like casting a fishing line. Change your foot stance as you change your hands, that is lead with your left foot if passing from the right, and so forth.
 
Catching
To become proficient, the player must be able to catch the ball. It could be from a pass, intercepting a pass or even a shot. When catching, it is important to keep the stick head up, placing the head of the stick in the "box" area, which is up above the shoulder. This gives the player passing the ball a good target and once the ball is caught, the stick is in a position to pass or shoot. A player should always have stick up, ready for a pass.
Scooping
To become proficient, the player must be able to scoop the ball from the ground. Due to a missed catch, a good stick check, drop ball, etc a player will have many opportunities to pick up “ground balls” during a game. When scooping, it is important to always be moving, never pick up a ball standing still! When scooping, the angle of the stick to the ground is the most important. The best way to pick up the ball is to have two hands on the stick and the head of the stick and the shaft level with the ground. The player should be running to the ball at 80% speed, then bend down and scoop the ball, then run at 100% speed, keeping the stick close to the body to avoid another player dislodging the ball with a poke check. Never rake the ball into the pocket, always scoop thru the ball.
 
V. BASIC LACROSSE RULES
Men's lacrosse is a contact game but for U9 there will be NO contact. Stick checking will allowed. The object of the game is to shoot the ball into the opponent's goal. The team scoring the most goals wins.
 
Players must use their crosses to pass, catch and run with the ball. Players can not touch the ball with his hands. Players can kick the ball if needed but can not score by kicking the ball. 
 
If the ball or a player in possession of the ball goes out of bounds, the other team is awarded possession. If the ball goes out of bounds after an unsuccessful shot, the player nearest to the ball when and where it goes out of bounds is awarded possession.
 
 
 
VI. PERSONAL FOULS
 
Slashing: Occurs when a player's stick viciously contacts an opponent in any area other than the stick or gloved hand on the stick. A slash can also be called if the referee feels the player’s poke or check was dangerous. Example: If a player swings the stick like a baseball bat. Slashing can be called even if there was no contact or the contact was on the stick. Just because the player hit the stick, doesn’t mean it was good defense. Also, any one-handed check can be considered a slash.
Tripping: Occurs when a player obstructs his opponent at or below the waist with the crosse, hands, arms, feet or legs.
Cross Checking: Occurs when a player uses the handle of his crosse between his hands to make contact with an opponent.
Unsportsmanlike Conduct: Occurs when any player or coach commits an act which is considered unsportsmanlike by an official, including taunting, arguing, or obscene language or gestures.
Unnecessary Roughness: Occurs when a player strikes an opponent with his stick or body using excessive or violent force.
Illegal Body Checking: In U9, any body checking is a foul.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
VII. BASIC LACROSSE SKILLS
 
Catching: The act of receiving a passed ball with the crosse.
Cradling: The coordinated motion of the arms and wrists that keeps the ball secure in the pocket and ready to be passed or shot when running.
Passing: The act of throwing the ball to a teammate with the crosse.
Scooping: The act of picking up a loose ball with the crosse.
Shooting: The act of throwing the ball with the crosse toward the goal in an attempt to score.
Stick Checking: The act of attempting to dislodge the ball from an opponent's stick.
Poke Check: A stick check in which the player pokes the head of his stick at an opponent's stick through the top hand by pushing with the bottom hand.

 
 
 
VIII. GLOSSARY OF MEN'S LACROSSE TERMS
 
Crosse (Stick): The equipment used to throw, catch and carry the ball.
Ground Ball: A loose ball on the playing field.
Handle (Shaft): An aluminum, wooden or composite pole connected to the head of the crosse.
Head: The plastic (or wood on old sticks) part of the stick connected to the handle with a pocket.
Pocket: The strung part of the head of the stick that holds the ball.
Scooping: The act of picking up a ball from the ground using only the crosse.
 
 
 
IX. FIELD
 
The Lacrosse field is longer and wider than a football field; 110 yards by 60 yards. All Lacrosse fields are the same except Major League Lacrosse (like the Cannons) field has different lines, including a 2 point arch which is only in professional Lacrosse. Below is standard field specifications. Playing on a regulation size field is preferred; however the coaches and officials can agree to play on any size field available. The Lacrosse goal/net is 6 ft high by 6 ft wide.
 
For U9, smaller modified fields may be used.
 
 
 
 
X. US LACROSSE CODE OF CONDUCT
 
 
US Lacrosse requires all players, coaches, officials, parents and spectators to sign and abide by a ""Code of Conduct"" that embodies basic common sense principles, demonstrates consideration of others, and projects a positive image to our young men and women.
 
Individuals and/or teams participating in US Lacrosse events that fail to abide by this code will be subject to ejection and disqualification from future US Lacrosse events. Thank you for your help in promoting these principles.
 
The Code of Conduct
 
Players, coaches, spectators and parents are to conduct themselves in a manner that ""Honors the Game"" and demonstrates respect to other players, coaches, officials and spectators. In becoming a member of the lacrosse community an individual assumes certain obligations and responsibilities to the game of lacrosse and its participants. The essential elements in this ""Code of Conduct"" are HONESTY and INTEGRITY. Those who conduct themselves in a manner that reflects these elements will bring credit to the sport of lacrosse, themselves, their team and their organization. It is only through such conduct that our sport can earn and maintain a positive image and make its full contribution to youth sports in the United States and around the world. US Lacrosse and its Youth Council support the following behaviors for those participating or involved in any way with US Lacrosse and youth lacrosse in general:
 
 
The essential elements of the ""Code of Conduct"" must be adhered to.
 
o       Sportsmanship and teaching the concepts of fair play are essential to the game, and must be taught and developed both at home and on the field during practices and games.
 
o       The emphasis on winning should never be placed above the value of good sportsmanship, the concepts of fair play, or the skills of the game.
 
o       Derogatory comments are unacceptable. Use positive reinforcement with players and adults alike. It should be remembered that criticism, once made, can never be retracted.
 
o       The safety and welfare of the players are of primary importance.
 
o       Coaches must always be aware of the tremendous influence they have on their players. They are to strive to be positive role models in dealing with young people, as well as with adults.
 
o       Officials are expected to conduct themselves as professionals and in a manner that demonstrates courtesy and fairness to all parties while exercising their authority on the field.
 
o       Adults involved with the game must never permit anyone to openly or maliciously criticize, badger, harass, or threaten an official.
 
o       Knowledge of the Rules of Lacrosse must be respected and adhered to by all who participate in the game of lacrosse, both in the letter and the spirit of the game. Attempts to manipulate rules in an effort to take unfair advantage of an opponent, or to teach deliberate unsportsmanlike conduct, is considered unacceptable conduct.
 
o       Eligibility requirements, such as age and previous level of participation, must be followed. They have been established to encourage and maximize participation, as well as promote safety.
 
 
XI. SUMMARY
 
There are many aspects to Lacrosse that will be developed over time. Unlike other sports like Baseball and Basketball, most kids/parents have a basic understanding of the rules, positions and how use the equipment (like shooting a basketball or hitting a baseball). For many players/parents, this is their first experience with Lacrosse. Usually after the first or second game most players have a good understanding of the basics and most parents are used to the shock of seeing their kids being hit with a stick!
The most import mission of BYLA is to get the kids familiar with Lacrosse and to have fun! All volunteers are welcome and we can always use the help. Our organization is fully staffed by volunteers and we need as many as we can to make our kids experience a happy, fun filled and safe experience.